Calapan Pier

The Port of Calapan is located at Barangay San Antonio, Calapan City, Province of Oriental Mindoro. The port is a reinforced concrete general-purpose wharf primarily operated using the RORO  facilities. It is the main port serving Oriental Mindoro and plays a vital role in the transport of general and RORO cargoes and passengers to Metro Manila and other provinces via the port of Batangas. It also serves as the vital link to the Visayan and the Southern Philippines through the Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH) Eastern Seaboard. The SRNH makes Or. Mindoro a gateway to Boracay, as the bus-and-ferry route passes through Calapan City and Roxas town on its way to Caticlan; the main jump off point to Boracay. 

 

Being rich in scenic tourist destinations, Oriental Mindoro is a tourist destination in itself for tourist and

travelers.  It is a home to the indigenous tribes of  Mangyans,  the Tamaraw that is endemic to Mindoro, Mt. Halcon which is one of the country’s highest peaks with a wide biodiversity of unique flora and fauna and to Puerto Galera’s world famous white beaches and tourist haven by the sea. 

 

The province of Or. Mindoro is also one of Southern Tagalog Region’s primary producers of rice, corn, banana and coconut. Thus, for outbound cargoes, main commodities handled at the port are copra, coconut,  rice, bananas, fruits and citrus and other agricultural products while for inbound cargoes are  cement, fertilizer and general commodities.  

 

·        Puerto Galera Beaches and  Tamaraw Falls in Puerto Galera. Puerto Galera is at least one and half hour’s drive from Calapan City

·        Aras Cave in San Teodoro 

·        Balite Beach, Parang Beach and Suqui Beach,  Baco-Chico Islets and Horca-Piloto Islets in  Calapan City

·        Lake Naujan in Naujan

·        Mt. Halcon,  Alibatan Island and Lantuyang River in Baco

·        Fruit orchards in Victoria and Socorro towns

·        Matulatula, Pola – scenic area overlooking Lake Naujan and the surrounding areas and is   characterized by calamansi and citrus growths that lend a coolness to the locationand makes it ideal for picnics and other outdoor activities.

·        Mt. Longos, Pinamalayan – an exhilarating climb suited for beginners and adventurous trekkers. Longos peak presents a panoramic vista of the Channel separating Eastern Mindoro from Marinduque  and the Tres Reyes Islands.

·        Bongol Beach, Pinamalayan – a secluded beach with a two-kilometer white sand shore.

·        Tangisan Falls, Bongabong – a favorite picnic spot including the black and gray beaches stretching from Labasan to Masaguisi.

·        Buyayao Island, Bulalacao – a rocky island with a small beach area. Buyayao is noted for its surrounding waters which are rich in marine life and ideal for deep sea fishing.        

 

The people of Oriental Mindoro are engaged mostly in agriculture, fishing and livestock and poultry raising.    The landscape is lush with citrus and rambutan plantations.  Calamansi, the popular Philippine green lemon, is a major produce.  About 40% of the province is forest or timberland, reputedly the best source of rattan, bamboo, vines and buri fiber.  These comprise the products mainly handled Baseport Calapan.

Naujan Lake

Naujan Lake National Park is a fresh water ecosystem and the fifth largest lake in the Philippines. The lake area covers approximately 8,000 hectares to the park’s 21,655 hectares.

In recognition of the importance of wetlands to the welfare of the Filipino people and in the protection of global biodiversity, Presidential Proclamation No.74 declared February 2 of every year as “National Wetlands Day”.

This year 2001, the focus of activity in Naujan Lake National Park was the conduct of information drive in public schools within the vicinities of the protected area. Focal group discussions were also conducted and held with the residents in the barangays nearby. Lectures and discussion were focus on the importance of the lake ecosystem, wetlands and the role of Naujan Lake National Park in the daily life of the people living within the park.

Another activity conducted during the first quarter of this year was the conduct of migratory bird count in the park using the Asian Waterfowl Census Data Form. Per census report, in January, February and March of this year a total of 28,711 waterfowls were recorded. The Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula has the highest occurrence at 11,000 in January, 10,000 in February but in March there were only 4,000 individuals counted. Also notable was the White Browed Crake Porzana cinerea. Its presence was recorded only in March at 4 individuals.

The continuous bird count in the park will be a continuing activity with a plan to involve the nearby communities in this undertaking for them to better appreciate the importance of the wetlands and the wildlife it supports.

Major Destinations in Oriental Mindoro

Oriental Mindoro is an hour away by regular inter-island ferry from the Batangas Port to Calapan Port. These ferries and outrigger banca also have direct trips to Puerto Galera. Jeepneys ply the route from the capital, Calapan City, to neighboring towns as well as further inland.

Mangyan Village

Settlements of ethnic Mangyan tribes can be found all over the province. Eight major groups have been identified: some inhabiting the highlands; some living in the communities in the plains and intermingling with lowlanders.

Traditional cloth and basket weaving can be seen, as well as purchase of native crafts such as armbands, necklaces, purses, handbags and backpacks for souvenirs.

The Thirteen Islets, Bulalacao

Located in Bulalacao Bay in the southernmost point of the island province, the area has unexplored white sand beaches, awesome cliffs, rolling hills and caves. A favorite is Alibatan Islet, a five-hectare breeding ground for seagulls and turtles. Corals are also found around the islet – also called Target Island. It can be reached by a motorized banca from Bulalacao proper.

Naujan Lake, Naujan

The fifth largest body of freshwater in the country, Lake Naujan is surrounded by hot mineral springs and free flowing water. It serves as a wildlife sanctuary for various species of waterfowl and other migratory birds and supplies freshwater fish to the province as well as mainland Luzon.

Mt. Halcon, Baco

Mt. Halcon is a haven for experienced climbers, the third highest peak in the country and towering 8,488 feet above sea level. It is accessible by taking a jeepney to the Municipality of Baco, the jump-off point.

Puerto Galera

Puerto Galera is known as the Pearl of Mindoro and famous for its splendid beaches, coral reefs and exquisite dive sites. It is internationally renowned for its white sand beaches and crystal-clear waters.

OTHER MAJOR PLACES TO VISIT

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Oriental Mindoro – The Islands’ Loveliest Harbor

 

BRIEF DESCRIPTION

The inverted-J-shaped Oriental Mindoro is endowed with some of the Philippine Islands’ best naturescapes. Choose your own beach among the many that abound, from fawn beige to powdery white. Then match the experience with interesting mountain lairs, lakes, rivers, rain forests, wild animals, rare flora and fauna, and pocket communities of the existing ethnic groups. It has maintained its unspoiled environment, all within a rustic agricultural setting.

The province’s foremost asset is Puerto Galera, blessed with one of the world’s most beautiful natural harbors. Known as the Pearl of Mindoro, it is world-famous for splendid beaches, coral reefs, and exquisite dive sites for new and experienced divers alike. There are shallow coral gardens, interesting rock formations, and colorful species to watch, like crabs, shrimps, sea anemones, moray, and trumpet fishes.

 

Alibatan Island in Baco, noted for its white sand, serves as a breeding place for seagulls and turtles. Corals and oysters can be found all around the area. Also in Baco is Mt. Halcon, the country’s third highest peak and a favorite destination for nature tripping and mountain climbing. In Puerto Galera, 423-foot Tamaraw Falls is a series of asymmetrical falls, leading to a grand fall, dropping to the frothy waterbed below. Another attraction within the area is Sabang Beach, a portion of which is tourist-flocked for water sports and a cluster of nightspots popular for evening socials. Beside Sabang Beach is Small La Laguna, with amazingly beautiful coral reefs, and water ideal for snorkeling and scuba diving.

Indulge in a number of special interest tours while in the province, from mountain climbing to trekking, hiking, camping, butterfly watching, game fishing, and adventure trips to the wilderness. Enjoy active water sports such as scuba diving, snorkeling, and swimming. Visit the Mangyan settlement areas, and find it rewarding to engage in natural cave and waterfall exploration and island hopping.”

 

 

GEOGRAPHY

Oriental Mindoro is located 15 kilometers off the southwest coast of Luzon. It lies on the eastern portion of the island. It is bounded on the north by Verde Island and the Verde Passage, on the east by Maestro de Campo Island and Tablas Strait, on the south by Semirara Island near Pandarodan bay, and on the west by the province of Occidental Mindoro.
It has a total land area of 436,470 hectares. The province has 39 named and 89 unnamed islands and islets, leaving much of its attractions virgin to visitors, and an untrammeled area to explore

 

CLIMATE

Oriental Mindoro enjoys a climate favorable to vegetable growth throughout the year. What is remarkable is that there is neither a dry season nor a pronounced maximum rain period. The location and topography of the island on the western side of the great ocean body is another contributing factor in the rainfall pattern of the province. China Sea, fed by warm water from a branch of south equatorial current, passes between Singapore and Borneo thus keeping the water bodies surrounding the island warm year-round and consequently providing excellent sources of moisture.

POPULATION

Based on the May 2001 National Statistics Survey, Oriental Mindoro Island registered a total population of 669,000. The people are mostly of Tagalog stock. The ethnic Mangyan tribe consists of various smaller tribes like the Iraya, Alangan, and Tadwanan.

 

 

INDUSTRIES

The lifestyles of Mindoreños are basically simple and rural. 70 percent of the populace engage in land and sea agriculture, with only 30 percent living in urbanized centers. The ethnic tribes, Mangyans, are gentle and withdrawn but many of them have managed to integrate into the cultural mainstream, largely in the municipalities of Mansalay, Baco, Puerto Galera, Roxas, and Bongabong. These Mangyans are skilled weavers and craftsmen, producing intricate tribal finery, including baskets, mats, and other items, both functional and aesthetic.

LANGUAGE / DIALECTS

Visiting Oriental Mindoro does not entail memorizing bits of conventional lines in dialects spoken other than Tagalog, which serves as the predominant dialect. Other dialects spoken are Ilocano and Cebuano. Strains of the Mangyan dialect spoken are Arayan, Alagnan, Buhid, Hunuo, and Tadyawan. The working population can read and speak Filipino and English.

POLITICAL SUBDIVISION

Oriental Mindoro is composed of 15 municipalities, with Calapan City as the capital of the province. The municipalities are Baco, Bansud, Bongabong, Bulalacao, Naujan, Mansalay, Pinamalayan, Pola, Puerto Galera, Roxas, San Teodoro, Socorro, and Victoria Gloria.

Makati and Naujan, Or. Mindoro ink Sisterhood Pact



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